green infrastructure

Fareham Planning Application - Green Infrastructure - click for larger image

Integral to the scheme is a broad network of public open spaces, including 'Greenways', linear parks, structural landscape, a meadow mosaic and habitat areas (75.52ha).

These areas combine to create a robust Green Infrastructure which builds upon the Site's existing natural assets and offers betterment in terms of biodiversity enhancement, public amenity and flood storage.

Public open space will include formal footpaths, areas of amenity mown grass and species rich flowering meadow grassland. These spaces will provide for both formal sports and informal recreational activities alongside additional habitat to enhance site wide biodiversity.

Integral to the layout are a number of equipped children's play areas, designed to be of sufficient size to offer toddler, child and teenage play provision. Play spaces will comprise a Neighbourhood Equipped Area for Play (N.E.A.Ps) located adjacent playing fields to the south and a number of Locally Equipped Areas for Play (L.E.A.Ps). All proposed housing will fall within 400m of an equipped play space.  

Newlands will make provision for circa 80 new allotment plots with associated car parking and tool storage.

The development seeks to extend and enhance existing hedgerows, trees and woodland blocks with new native broadleaved tree, shrub and hedgerow planting. Proposed new habitat areas include the creation of woodland understorey and transitional edge planting that blend into meadow grassland, along with habitat ponds and wetland areas. This diverse mosaic of habitats will bring both biodiversity and public amenity benefits to the wider area.

A series of both permanently wet and seasonally wet ponds and basins along the southern edge of the development will provide both surface water attenuation (SuDS) and wetland habitat.

Drainage

Proposals have been developed to inform the strategic drainage network across the development. Surface water will be attenuated on-site and discharged to the existing watercourse to the south west of the Site at flow rates and volumes not exceeding the flow rates and volumes from the undeveloped Greenfield site. It is predicted that this system will result in a 68% betterment in the overland flow of water and a reduction in flood potential for existing residents within Stubbington to the south of the Site.

SuDS features also offer excellent opportunities to create wetland habitats, reed beds and areas of permanent open water. The SuDS provision is surrounded by a mosaic of open spaces featuring permanent ponds and large areas that will be sown with a species rich wildflower and grass to maximise the areas floristic diversity and enhance biodiversity.

Strategic Gap

The land subject to proposed development is currently defined within the Fareham Local Development Framework, (August 2011) as forming part of the Meon Strategic Gap (Policy CS22). As such the Site makes a contribution towards the Gap function i.e. the physical and visual separation of settlements, on land between Fareham and Stubbington.

The provision of green infrastructure throughout the Site, including the creation of a multifunctional network of recreation and habitat opportunities linking the proposed development with the wider surroundings, will improve the condition and quality of the landscape between Fareham and Stubbington, enhancing local landscape character.

Furthermore the Meon Gap will continue to perform its key function of physically separating Fareham and Stubbington. Through the sensitive introduction of structural woodland planting and areas of open space through the south of the Application Site, placed in trust and maintained as such in perpetuity by HLM, the visual and physical separation between Fareham and Stubbington can be maintained. By creating a permanent attractive settlement edge to Fareham the separate identities and character of Fareham and Stubbington will be enhanced and a robust definitive boundary will be formed that minimises the risk of future coalescence between the two settlements.

Offsite Planting

In addition to the planting proposed within the redline HLM proposes to restore the landscape of the wider strategic gap, within land under the applicant's control, through the restoration and replanting of historic hedgerows lost or neglected through farm intensification.